New agricultural applications of smart agriculture and precision farming using IoT with IoT will allow the industry to increase operational efficiency, reduce costs, reduce waste and improve the quality of its yields. Smart farming solutions provide farmers and the agro-industry as a whole with the infrastructure to use advanced IoT technologies to track, monitor, automate and analyze their farms and industrial operations. 

The future of agriculture appears to be dominated by smart farms and IoT devices and systems that offer more control, visibility and actionable data to farmers to improve the sustainable management of their land and equipment than ever before. 

The advancement of IoT technology on a farm means that sensors are used at every stage of the growing process to determine how much time and resources seeds need to become fully grown vegetables. The use of IoT in agriculture helps farmers monitor water tanks in real-time, making the irrigation process more efficient.    

New developments in smart farming, using the Internet of Things (IoT) are changing the face of conventional farming practices. There is real momentum behind IoT technologies in agriculture and agriculture, and many analysts predict that the take-up of smart agricultural technologies will soar as more companies see the benefits.    

Smart farming is a management concept that focuses on providing the agricultural industry with the infrastructure to use advanced technologies such as Big Data, Cloud and Internet of Things (IoT) to track, monitor, automate and analyze operations. The data collected by intelligent agricultural sensors are used for farm management as a key component of sensor control systems, robots and autonomous vehicles, automation hardware, variable speed technology, motion detectors, buttons, cameras and portable devices.    

For example, smart agricultural sensors to monitor crop conditions allow farmers to define how many pesticides and fertilizers they should use to achieve optimum efficiency. Placing IoT sensors in the field can help farmers obtain real-time data on factors that affect plant health and overall yields such as soil quality, leaf water and possible rainfall. Farmers can make informed decisions by using IoT sensors to capture environmental and machine metrics to improve all aspects of their work, from livestock grazing to plant breeding.    

This approach of using IoT technology to maximize the best use of resources to achieve higher yields and lower operating costs is called precision farming. Precision farming with IoT solutions rely on data collected from various sensors in the field to help farmers provide enough resources for a plant. Smart farming based on IoT technology enables growers and farmers to reduce waste and increase productivity by varying the amount of fertilizer used, the number of journeys that agricultural vehicles make, and the efficient use of resources such as water and electricity.    

Intelligent sensors monitor all aspects of the daily work and IoT technology in agriculture enables farmers to automate data collection in real-time to increase production volume, reduce costs, manage costs, and improve the overall efficiency of many different aspects of agriculture. For example, Allmeteo, an IoT-based agricultural project, provides farmers with specialized software and equipment to monitor weather conditions and alerts to warn of extreme temperatures, frosty weather and rainy weather on their fields. With the advent of IoT in smart farming, Precision Farming is using sensors, GPS maps and data analytics to deliver accurate, real-time insights you can use to tailor your activities and investments to maximize profits.    

IoT technology in agriculture can help farmers track water consumption, nutrient density, and the amount of fertilizer and pesticides. The information generated by IoT equipment allows farmers to track the operation and performance of their farms and make informed decisions to improve farm productivity and yield, respond to their conditions and save time and money. The data is collected by intelligent agricultural sensors and relayed to other tools and devices. 

Combined with agricultural sensors, mapping and other intelligent agricultural technologies, IoT solutions can increase farm productivity. Farmers can do the same amount of tasks in less time and increase crop yields with accurate data from the Internet of Things (IoT), enabling smart farming. Applications of IoT-based smart farming are not aimed at conventional or large farms but are rather new levers to promote other growing common trends in agricultural and organic farming, family farming, complex and small areas, especially livestock farming and conservation of, particularly high-quality varieties.    

This study aims to identify IoT solutions in smart agriculture by (i) presenting a systematic review of the modern deployment of IoT in smart agriculture and (ii) identifying the use of hardware, platforms, networks, protocols and technologies, their applicability and proposed solutions.

Our desire to develop and improve technologies that support us in our struggles is driving the development of technological achievements such as industrial IoT and its agricultural applications, which we call smart farming and IoT. Farmers face challenges while investing in smart IoT ecosystems due to the poor performance of smart agricultural equipment, the high vulnerability to hardware damage, the high risk of data leaks and the unstable communication in smart agricultural facilities.    

By Robson